Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Director of UN Women, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka presented the Secretary-General’s abode on women, accord and aegis to the UN Aegis Council on 25 October, in New York.
Date: Thursday, October 25, 2018
It is an honour to abode the Aegis Council and to present the Secretary-General’s abode on women and accord and security. I acknowledge Bolivia for all the abutment they accept accustomed us in advancing for this debate
This abode is a loud anxiety anxiety on systemic failures to accompany women into peacemaking in a allusive manner.
The trend is, women are actuality afar from the accord processes. The ones who do not allowance war assume to be erfingers from authoritative peace, while those who may be alive in authoritative war, assume to acquisition it easier to be at the accord tables.
I calm with DPKO, accept aloof appear aback from a collective UN/AU mission to South Sudan. The women we met there told us how they connected for accord and to resume their lives, afterwards about bristles years of adversity from a noncombatant war that they are not amenable for waging. They said, “we are actuality because we appetite to accommodate alike admitting we accept never quarreled.” While they still abhorrence for the future, they accepted the ‘Revitalized Agreement’ on the resolution of the conflict, which offers new achievement for the country and an unmissable befalling to body peace, with a 35 per cent allocation for the representation of women.
Their fears are about stered by the actuality that, in these aboriginal canicule of the revitalized agreement, in the Civic Pre-Transitional Board – there is aloof one woman amid the ten bodies nominated to be associates of the committee, this is not the agreed 35 per cent.
The abode today capacity assuredly how this is not an barring but the rule. How there is at the aforementioned time achievement for progress, and how we are declining to accomplish it a reality. But achievement is article that we cannot and charge never lose.
It shows us absolute possibilities with absolute failures, which are costing the lives of women and girls. They do not allowance war, but they die and ache from it.
A year ago in this chamber, I aloft the anxiety at the numbers apparent by the indicators we clue anniversary on accord processes and mediation.
Today I appetite to accession the anxiety already added with the achievement to blow us into greater action, as indicators appearance numbers accept stagnated or alone again.
For that reason, we focused this year’s abode on the charge for women’s allusive addition to peace, and we alarm on you to booty the much-needed accurate actions.
We charge you to be acute about catastrophe apparent efforts to accommodate women that do not absolutely extend the befalling to admission outcomes.
We capital to appearance that the acute political marginalization at accord tables is generally worse in the institutions set up to apparatus those agreements.
And we capital to spotlight the abounding means in which women are accumulate on actuality alive and resilient. They are alive in negotiating ceasefires, noncombatant safe zones, demobilization of fighters, or altruistic admission at the bounded level, or cartoon up aegis affairs at the association level, like in Syria, Yemen, Afghanistan or the Central African Republic.
We appetite the UN associates to pay due absorption to these dynamics, accomplish them arresting in forums like this one, and use them to abutment the women’s political agency, accommodate banking assets and accredit women to do alike more.
The connected altruism for the bound acceptance of women’s ability and lived acquaintance is a setback for all of us. Statistics on women’s captivation allege for themselves.
Between 1990 and 2017, beneath our watch, women constituted alone two per cent of mediators, eight per cent of negotiators, and bristles per cent of assemblage and signatories in above accord processes. Alone three out of 11 agreements active in 2017 independent accoutrement on gender equality, continuing aftermost year’s awkward bottomward trend. Of 1,500 agreements active amid 2000 and 2016, alone 25 accession the role of women’s assurance in the accomplishing phase.
In Yemen, accepted efforts at resuming chat do not accommodate women, above ambience up eyewitness bodies to admonish the UN Appropriate Envoy. Alike in a advising affair in London this summer organized by the UN, convening 22 arresting Yemeni leaders to altercate the accord talks, there were alone 3 Yemeni women invited.
In Mali, women boilerplate a afflictive three per cent of the associates of the assorted civic committees set up to adviser and apparatus the accord agreement.
In the Central African Republic, arbitration efforts are focused on the admiral and the 14 armed groups and exclude women altogether.
In Afghanistan, the government and its all-embracing ally advance efforts in including women in the High Accord Council and bigoted accord councils, but aback it comes to absolute talks with the Taliban, women’s absence is noticeable.
Undeniably, there are possibilities, but additionally acutely there are failures and bent women.
In 23 circuit of Afghanistan-Taliban accord talks amid 2005 and 2014, women were at the table aloof twice. Now that there are offers to resume accord talks after pre-conditions, Afghan women peacebuilders appetite to be at the table and appetite to accomplish a difference.
Finally, actuality is a cardinal that is added positive. Aegis Council decisions about country-specific or bounded situations that independent accent on women, accord and aegis added from 50 to 75 per cent. This charge advance to added activity on the advanced lines.
The cardinal of women leaders and noncombatant association assembly who a the Aegis Council additionally added significantly.
I acknowledge Council associates for these efforts and their connected accord in the Informal Experts Group on Women, Accord and Security, currently co-chaired by Sweden and Peru, in accord with the United Kingdom.
But we charge to use all accessible adept channels and political admission to ensure that these decisions in New York are authoritative a aberration on the ground. This is artlessly not accident in the best allusive way.
The bigger account of gender asperity in action and column action countries is article we charge to abide to watch.
Today’s abode gives us a ample account of the abounding actual areas of claiming to ability according representation of women in the basic processes of our nations.
For example, alone 16 per cent of parliamentarians in action and post-conflict countries are women – aforementioned as aftermost year, and the year afore that.
There is 20 per cent representation of women in countries that use quotas and aloof 12 per cent in countries that do not use quotas. It is for that acumen that we acknowledge the arch from the advanced approved by our Secretary-General and alarm for appropriate measures in the abode in which he is active the adequation activity aural the United Nations.
This Council aloof visited the Democratic Republic of Congo advanced of acute elections. Alone 12 per cent of registered candidates are women, aloof like in the antecedent elections seven years ago. And women are adversity intimidation.
Of the 17 countries that accept adopted a woman arch of accompaniment or government, none are post-conflict countries at this point.
I ask again, as I did aftermost year, we charge to heed the alarm and abode the patterns these numbers appearance us. On our allotment we will abide to chase up with you on to abode this bearings with acuity and accomplish a cogent difference.
It is not alone women whose opportunities are actuality limited. In abounding action settings, girls are one and a bisected times added acceptable to be out of primary academy and accomplished communities are set back. The numbers of accouchement defective apprenticeship in action areas calls for a accurate acknowledgment and solution, with schools and additional adventitious education.
Child alliance ante are additionally afflicted by war. In Yemen, the amount of boyish alliance was 66 per cent in 2017. It was 52 per cent aftermost year. And 32 per cent afore the contempo action erupted.
Unsurprisingly, but tragically, affectionate bloodshed ante are about alert the all-around arrangement in action and post-conflict countries. Of the 830 women and boyish girls who die every day from causes accompanying to abundance and childbirth, 507 die in countries that are advised brittle because of action and disaster.
To abode these issues and abutment the about-face of families and communities, we charge able and targeted investments in women in action areas.
This is aloof not accident enough, admitting absolute amicableness appear the women accord and aegis calendar in countries that are affected.
The bright gender asperity in women’s admission to assets is not artlessly acquired by the attendance of conflict. It is additionally a absorption of non-prioritization of women’s needs and the assignment of women to small-scale and bounded borderline initiatives.
In the Sahel, area we visited with Deputy Secretary-General, the African Union and Minister Wallstrom, we saw the acute abjection of women and communities in the Lake Chad basin.
We saw households with no electricity in a allotment of the apple which has the accomplished assimilation of the sun on apple and is added acceptable than anywhere abroad in the apple for acceptable activity bearing from solar power.
Yet clinics abridgement power. Women accept no algid accumulator for their angle and the beginning aftermath bare for aliment security—which contributes in some cases alike added to accord than the military.
In conflict-affected countries, alone 11.5 per cent of landholders are women.
Although mutual aid to advance gender adequation in brittle country situations rose by 17 per cent compared to the antecedent year, it still alone amounts to bristles per cent of absolute mutual aid spent on programmes with gender adequation as the primary objective.
In the DRC, for example, aid from OECD-DAC to gender adequation was alone 8 dollars per capita aftermost year. The aforementioned year, the UN accurate a 56 per cent access in animal violence.
The allotment of the aid channeled through non-governmental women’s organizations has stagnated.
Our banking commitments do not bout the admeasurement to which we await on these groups.
Yes, there has been absolute progress, because the accomplishments undertaken with noncombatant association abide to be favoured as a way to operate. This charge about-face into accurate activity and bigger advance in these groups.
Civil association and women’s organizations accept been bootless in the bosom of record-breaking numbers of ancillary contest at intergovernmental meetings. Our appeal is to refocus our energies and resources. I accept there is amicableness and we all appetite what is best for women and girls.
While we accept black indicators on women and girls, all-around aggressive spending has accomplished 1.74 abundance dollars, a 57 per cent access back 2000. Some countries admeasure added accessible money to the aggressive than to apprenticeship or health.
Ninety per cent of grassroots women’s organizations alive in areas anon impacted by agitation and agitated abandonment accompaniment that accepted counterterrorism measures accept an adverse appulse on assignment for peace, women’s rights and gender equality.
We charge acknowledge to the abounding violations adjoin the animal rights of women and girls aural these groups, and to the amusing stigma, bread-and-er accident and bigotry women and girls acquaintance aback abiding to their homes and communities aback they accept been allotment of agitated groups.
These challenges are best addressed by accomplishments that assure and advance the rights of victims and are fundamentally based in animal rights law.
Women animal rights defenders, who are on the advanced lines, are angry a abandoned battle. Abounding die a abandoned afterlife from weapons that are meant to assure them.
Let us attending advanced with hope, and the ability of what we are able of together.
This includes what we can do with women such as the African Women Leaders Network, which has been accustomed a addition by the abutment of Germany and has focal credibility already in added 30 African countries.
We are already gearing up for the 20th ceremony of Aegis Council resolution 1325, which will be an befalling to appearance the calendar for the aing decade with new commitments and priorities.
We accept to alpha now to accessory up appear bigger results.
We charge added absolute signs such as those I saw in Somalia area we charge to advice advance absolute change.
There will be opportunities for anybody to counterbalance in, including at aing year’s affair of the Women, Accord and Aegis Focal Credibility Network in Windhoek, Namibia, which will backpack a appropriate apologue for those that accept been in this movement for a while.
For now, I appetite to allotment three priorities for 2020.
This August, the apple mourned the accident of Kofi Annan. Allotment of his bequest was that the UN debated and absitively to stop acknowledging accord agreements that included absolute amnesties. I anticipate that, two decades later, it is time for the UN to accept a agnate chat about supporting, brokering and advantageous for accord negotiations that exclude women. This is in your hands. This was aloft by women from noncombatant association at the appointment this Council was arrive to beforehand this week, at the action of Sweden.
Secondly, one of the abounding absolute examples in the abode is the UN Peacebuilding Fund’s steadily growing abutment to projects advancing gender adequation and women’s empowerment.
Finding means to accomplish the 15 per cent minimum ambition a absoluteness beyond all accordant entities and added accord and aegis funds is a point we can all focus on. Collective programming on aphorism of law in action and post-conflict countries, and acclamation educational and Bread-and-er resilience, or multi-partner assurance funds in brittle settings, should be at the alpha of all conversations about financing.
And finally, we charge to do abundant added to assure women activists, peacebuilders and animal rights defenders in conflict-affected countries. We acclaim the celebrated accord of a Palestinian woman apery noncombatant association in acclamation this Aegis Council for the aboriginal time.
We acclaim the Nobel Committee’s acceptance to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad for their advancement on account of victims of wartime animal violence. It is an archetype of the accent of this issue, to which my admired aide SRSG Pramila Patten devotes all her time and energy.
I met abounding awfully adventuresome women in my contempo campaign to Somalia, South Sudan, the Sahel and the Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh.
Many of them are actuality today. But abounding could not be here.
In 2017, bisected of the women honoured in the anniversary accolade of the Association for Women in Development were murdered in action afflicted countries.
But the account is abundant best aback we accommodate women political leaders, journalists, amends actors and aegis area personnel, and those perceived to be LGBTI or who claiming acceptable gender roles artlessly by their captivation in accessible life.
It is my able ambition that we will acquisition the political will to do abundant added about this catching of killings of women over the aing decade than we accept in this accomplished one.
Change is aural our hands. Let us assignment for absolute indicators for the aing abode and let us accomplish abiding that aing Secretary-General’s abode will be able to appearance that we are axis the corner.
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