SECURITY COUNCIL8368TH MEETING (AM)
Return to Training, Reintegration Zones, Abstain Illegality, Permanent Representative Tells Above Insubordinate Fighters
Continuing charge by the new Government of Colombia to the accordance activity that concluded the connected civilian war there is ytical to advantageous the appalling challenges still remaining, the Secretary-General’s Appropriate Representative in the South American country told the Aegis Council today.
Jean Arnault, who is additionally the Head of the Affiliated Nations Analysis Mission in Colombia, appear that the Government continues to beforehand political accordance by above associates of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP) and to put in abode accoutrement of the accordance agreement, in cooperation with the Mission. However, the socioeconomic reintegration of above insubordinate fighters charcoal a circuitous claiming and the killing of borough leaders and activists continues.
Presenting the Secretary-General’s annual abode on Colombia (document S/2018/874), he said it expresses achievement that the borough authorities will abide to accompany the amount of the accordance agenda: security, development and the aphorism of law in areas afflicted by conflict; an able arrangement of amends for victims; and the fulfilment of commitments to those who laid bottomward their arms.
Since the abode was released, he continued, key mechanisms for the reintegration and aegis of above FARC-EP associates accept resumed their assignment for the aboriginal time back the new Government was formed. Amid added absolute signs, he cited the accordance of FARC assembly in Congress and President Iván Duqué’s efforts to body political accordance on activity issues. However, above guerrillas alfresco areas adequate by the Government are accessible to violence, he noted, underlining the accent of success for aegis teams deployed about the country.
He went on to adduce added apropos over the approaching of above FARC-EP combatants, including their bread-and-er affiliation and the acknowledged ambiguity arising from controversies over the accordance accordance and the administering of capricious justice. He alleged for calm and all-embracing abutment for mechanisms advised to advice afflicted both challenges.
Regarding the threats that still face borough leaders, he acicular to the adverse killing of the coordinator of a coca crop-substitution board over the weekend, emphasizing that he absolutely shares the burning charge bidding by borough leaders to stop such killings, and is apprehension accomplishing of an activity plan to end such violence.
Following the briefing, Council associates accustomed the advance he described, with abounding bombastic their achievement that Colombia’s actualization from battle will accommodate a archetypal for able Aegis Council support. Abounding speakers additionally accepted the cooperation amid the new Administering and the Analysis Mission, auspicious the Government to abide implementing all accoutrement of the accordance agreement, and the all-embracing association to abide accouterment support.
Council associates cited antecedence challenges, including activity on security, development, the aphorism of law and justice, and reparations for victims, while best additionally alleged for able activity to end the killing of borough leaders. Several speakers additionally prioritized eradicating actionable crops through law administration and crop substitution.
Members additionally accurate affair over the abandonment of several above FARC associates from training and reintegration zones, emphasizing the burning charge to ensure the resumption of bread-and-er activities in afflicted areas on a above calibration and to strengthen aegis for above combatants. The charge to footfall up efforts for the admittance of the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) in the accordance process.
Also demography the floor, Colombia’s Foreign Minister thanked the Council for accouterment abutment afresh by extending the authorization of the Analysis Force. He declared the end of the battle as an befalling to accompany accordance and development for all Colombians, and assured the Council that the Government is accomplishing its absolute to afflicted challenges in implementing the accordance process. Cogent affair that ex-FARC cadres accept larboard the accordance process, he alleged on them to abstain a acknowledgment to abandon and illegality, while underlining the accent of aing allocation by all stakeholders in the reintegration effort. He added that the Government is bent to activity actionable crops through aegis and development programmes.
Statements were additionally fabricated by the assembly of the Affiliated Kingdom, Peru, France, Sweden, Kazakhstan, Poland, Affiliated States, Netherlands, Equatorial Guinea, Kuwait, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Russian Federation and Bolivia.
The affair began at 10 a.m. and concluded at 11:36 a.m.
JEAN ARNAULT, Appropriate Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the Affiliated Nations Analysis Mission in Colombia, alien the latest abode of the Secretary-General (document S/2018/874), adage that back it was issued, the key mechanisms for accomplishing of the Accordance Acceding on the reintegration and aegis of above associates of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP) accept resumed their assignment for the aboriginal time back the new Government took office. Acquainted that the Mission participates in several of those mechanisms, he accustomed the spirit of cooperation prevailing aural them, adage he trusts that cooperation will abide back reintegration is a circuitous task.
Presenting a absolute appearance of the accepted bearings with absorption to political accordance by the FARC-EP, he said that 8 out of 10 of the group’s assembly afforded seats in Congress accept affected their responsibilities in a accommodating spirt admitting aciculate political differences. Reporting that banking difficulties abrasive FARC’s accordance accept been abundantly overcome, he accustomed the efforts of President Iván Duque Márquez to body political accordance on activity issues. On security, however, he presented a abrupt adverse amid the bearings of above guerrillas beneath State-provided aegis measures and those alfresco the ambit of those measures. Acquainted that the ambition of recruiting 1,200 close-protection cadre is advancing completion, he said a cogent cardinal of them are women. Furthermore, accustomed that 74 FARC associates accept been dead alfresco the Government aegis areas back the signing of the peace, aegis training and appropriate teams accept been brought into 18 departments in which reintegrated combatants are present, he said, emphasizing that it is acute that such measures accomplish a aberration soon.
Economic reintegration additionally remained a austere concern, he said, acquainted that the majority of those in the reintegration activity still accept no ablaze bread-and-er anticipation above a account allowance set to end by August 2019. Lessons abstruse in the able year accommodate the charge to affix reintegration abundant added anon to bounded development, to empower bounded authorities, and to articulation up added systematically with the clandestine sector, universities and added actors. Back assets are critical, it is to be hoped that Congress will advance accessible spending on reintegration, he said, abacus that the Mission will do its absolute to abutment able integration.
Legal ambiguity additionally charcoal a affair amid above FARC-EP associates due to the altercation surrounding the accordance acceding and the debates over the conception of a appropriate accordance administration for capricious justice, he continued. Calling for able abutment from Accompaniment institutions and the all-embracing association for the magistrates who buck the abundant albatross of accouterment accuracy and reparations to victims, he accustomed the contempo allocation of funds to the arrangement of cloister attorneys in that context, and alleged aloft Congress to endorse the angle to admission the account for entities circuitous in capricious justice. Unfortunately, the killing of amusing leaders continues, he noted, abandoning the annihilation over the weekend of the coordinator of a coca-substitution board affianced in announcement a Government-sponsored programme affianced in the accordance agreement. He fatigued that he joins borough leaders in cogent the burning charge to stop such killings.
JONATHAN GUY ALLEN (United Kingdom) accustomed Colombia’s ablaze charge to implementing the accordance acceding as “an archetype for the blow of the world”, emphasizing the accurate accent of efforts to advance advanced with the acknowledged reintegration of above FARC members. Security, development and the aphorism of law, as able-bodied as amends and reparations for victims, will additionally be acute activity forward. Cogent affair over the abandonment of several above FARC associates from training and reintegration zones, he fatigued the charge to resume bread-and-er activities on a above calibration and to ensure the aegis of above combatants. The Affiliated Kingdom is additionally anxious about the amplification of actionable bread-and-er activities and attacks on above combatants and animal rights defenders, he said. The Analysis Mission should abide to comedy a ytical role in architecture aplomb amid the parties and allowance them to apparatus the accordance agreement, he said, alliance his country’s support.
GUSTAVO MEZA-CUADRA (Peru) hailed efforts to apparatus Colombia’s accordance acceding on the base of borough accordance and the assignment of the Analysis Mission, while highlighting the new Administration’s activity to authorize a alliance adjoin corruption. “We are adverse a circuitous process,” he said, acquainted the abounding outstanding aegis issues, challenges in reintegrating above combatants and obstacles to the aphorism of law. Cogent abutment for the deployment of aegis mechanisms to adverse the attendance of bent groups in rural areas, he alleged for appropriate efforts to assure women, accouchement and added accessible groups. Added bread-and-er assets should be adherent to reintegration, he said, calling additionally for added efforts to actualize application opportunities and accompany the activity of crop substitution. On the aphorism of law, he accent the charge to ensure admission to amends and adaptation for all Colombians.
ANNE GUEGUEN (France) said the new Colombian authorities accept the obligation to abide to apparatus the accordance agreement, including elements monitored by the Analysis Mission. Underlining the accent of the Appropriate Administration for Accordance — a “pioneering measure” — and its albatross to accommodate justice, verification, adjustment and non-repetition, she said the instrument’s administration charge be maintained and protected. Cogent affair over breakable aegis in above activity zones as able-bodied as its appulse on efforts to ascendancy the coca crop, she said accessible casework should be broadcast in those areas. Meanwhile, acknowledged accomplishing of the accordance acceding will articulation on breeding application opportunities, which will acquiesce above combatants to accordance to Colombia’s bread-and-er life, she added, affirmation the ytical accent of admission to acreage in that regard.
OLOF SKOOG (Sweden) accustomed the advance fabricated in Colombia, adage the country provides an archetype for the apple and is a ablaze accession to how a affiliated Aegis Council can accordance to peace. Commending the administration of President Duque and the FARC, he said connected assurance by all parties is now crucial, decidedly in acclamation the basal causes that fuelled battle for so long. Accustomed the ytical accent of capricious justice, the ability of the Appropriate Administration for Accordance charge be respected, he said, additionally emphasizing the charge for political reintegration to proceed. Cogent affair over the killing of animal rights defenders, FARC associates and others, he underscored the charge to strengthen the aphorism of law, and apprenticed abutment for Colombia’s efforts to strengthen aegis in conflict-affected areas. Sweden welcomes connected absolute contacts amid all parties and the Government, as able-bodied as initiatives to accommodate women’s groups in the accordance process, he said, acknowledging the accent of implementing the accordance accord’s gender provisions.
KANAT TUMYSH (Kazakhstan) commended the Mission’s continuing adamantine assignment in allowance to consolidate accordance in Colombia as able-bodied as the Government’s accomplish taken for that purpose. All stakeholders charge advocate their commitments in adjustment for the connected success of the process, he added. Cogent affair over attempts by armed groups to booty ascendancy of above FARC areas, as able-bodied as abandon adjoin amusing leaders and animal rights defenders and the affairs for the socioeconomic reintegration of above FARC combatants, he about bidding achievement that the new Administration’s efforts to activity bribery and acceding abounding reintegration of the above rebels will see results. Abutment for the aphorism of law, crop barter and rural reform, as able-bodied as aegis guarantees for accessible groups, can additionally defended the assets able appropriately far, he said, calling aloft all parties to accede with their obligations and assignment for aegis and stability.
JOANNA WRONECKA (Poland) accustomed the Government’s “promising” accomplish as embodied in the resumed assignment of the Commission for the Follow-up, Promotion and Analysis of the Final Acceding and the Borough Adaptation Council. However, she bidding affair about the crisis and abandon in some genitalia of Colombia, including the assassination of amusing leaders and animal rights defenders. Emphasizing the acute accent of abounding political, acknowledged and socioeconomic reintegration of above FARC members, she bidding affair about the accepted clip of that process, abnormally its bread-and-er dimension, and the killings of above FARC members. Political affiliation charcoal a above ablaze atom in the accordance agreement’s implementation, with assembly of the FARC political affair now arena a basic role in the newly-sworn Congress, but 2 of its 10 seats abide open, and Poland hopes their allocation will be promptly resolved, she said. Calling aloft the all-embracing association to abide carefully affianced in abutment of accomplishing of the accordance agreement, she said greater efforts are additionally bare to appropriately abode the affair of coca cultivation, biologic trafficking and the boundless crisis affiliated to those activities.
JONATHAN R. COHEN (United States) said Washington, D.C., absolutely supports accomplishing of the accordance agreement, acquainted “this is absolutely a time of activation for Colombia”. President Duque has afresh bidding his charge to chain the nation, he said, abandoning additionally that the new President spotlighted bread-and-er advance and the accouterment of aegis and according amends for all Colombians. Turning to the challenges airish by biologic trafficking and addiction, he said Colombia was quick to acknowledge to the calls by President Donald Trump of the Affiliated States during the Summit on the Apple Biologic Problem, captivated on the margins of the recently-concluded General Assembly high-level debate. While the Affiliated States is alive adamantine to abate the appeal for actionable drugs, Colombia is continuing shoulder-to-shoulder with it to abate the supply, he said. Calling absorption to the challenges airish to Colombia by the massive arrival of atrocious refugees beat neighbouring Venezuela, he said that he agreed with President Duque’s description of that bearings as a “crisis of self-determination” for the Venezuelan people. While the Affiliated States continues to accommodate assistance, absolute abatement will not appear to Venezuelans until the end of the President Nicolás Maduro’s regime, he emphasized.
KAREL JAN GUSTAAF VAN OOSTEROM (Netherlands), spotlighting the adjacency of Aruba and Curaçao, two Dutch islands, to Colombia, said his country supports the latter’s accordance activity both politically and financially. He went on to accompaniment that the collective appeal by the Government of Colombia and the FARC to extend the Analysis Mission’s authorization reaffirms the accent of abiding charge to the accordance agreement, underlining the accent of an across-the-board admission to its implementation. The Government charge appoint with civilian association and advance buying of the accordance process, decidedly amid such marginalized and accessible groups as Afro-Colombian communities, youth, women and the LGBTI (lesbian, gay, biual, transgender and inter) community, he said. Emphasizing that the socioeconomic and acknowledged reintegration of above FARC associates charge be addition priority, he declared: “We cannot accident alienating ex-FARC combatants from the accordance process.” He alleged aloft the Government to accelerate the architecture and accomplishing of a absolute reintegration strategy, while additionally cogent affair over connected aerial levels of crisis and abandon adjoin above FARC combatants and animal rights defenders.
PROTASIO EDU EDJANG NNAGA (Equatorial Guinea) declared the advance in Colombia as a representation of the accent of the Affiliated Nations and bidding achievement that President Duque will abide his efforts to apparatus the accordance agreement, while ensuring the accordance and reintegration of ex-combatants. She bidding affair over the killing of amusing leaders and the abandonment of some above combatants from the accordance process. Acknowledging that capricious amends charge be able rapidly, she accustomed abutment for advantage to victims and added such measures. She additionally alleged for amplification of crop-substitution programmes and the admittance of the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) in the accordance process.
BADER ABDULLAH N. M. ALMUNAYEKH (Kuwait) bidding affair over gaps in the reintegration of FARC members, while affable efforts by the Analysis Mission and the Government in that area. Kuwait is additionally anxious about the killing of civilian association leaders and animal rights defenders. Acknowledging that including women and adolescent bodies is an important basic of the accordance process, he common his country’s abutment for the accordance activity and encouraged the Government and FARC to apparatus the armistice acceding and assignment calm for accordance and stability.
ZHANG DIANBIN (China) accustomed efforts by President Duque and the Analysis Mission to consolidate accordance and aegis in Colombia. Recognizing that integration, development and aegis remained challenges, China alleged aloft all parties anxious to dness differences through chat and negotiation, he said. The activity in Colombia is an important archetype of the Aegis Council’s work, he affirmed, alliance to assignment with all added associates for the aboriginal ability of abiding accordance and adherence in the country.
GBOLIÉ DESIRÉ WULFRAN IPO (Côte d’Ivoire) hailed Colombia’s assurance to apparatus the accordance agreement, as able-bodied as contempo advance fabricated in that regard, while additionally affable its aing allocation with the Analysis Mission and President Duqué’s assorted new accordance initiatives. Calling on all parties to advance animal rights and abutment the arrangement of truth, amends and non-repetition, he bidding affair over assiduous letters of violence, and affliction that it has affected some above combatants to leave appointed reintegration zones. Delays in the bread-and-er reintegration of above FARC members, as able-bodied as the activities of armed groups, are amid the ytical challenges acute the Government’s burning attention, he emphasized. Underlining the accent of administration the State’s attendance beyond the borough breadth and accouterment all all-important resources, he said the Council should abide to abutment peacebuilding efforts in Colombia, and accurate abutment for the assignment already done in that breadth by the Analysis Mission and others.
TAYE ATSKE SELASSIE (Ethiopia) hailed the acceptance of the broad-based, seven-point “Pact for Activity and for the Aegis of Amusing Leaders and Animal Rights Defenders” as a anniversary in acclamation the capital challenges adverse accomplishing of the accordance agreement. The new Government’s charge to bringing development, aegis and the aphorism of law to conflict-affected communities in a added accommodating and focused way is the best important accommodation taken to date in the assignment of accumulation the assets already made, he said, emphasizing that with Colombia still adverse abounding challenges, the Council should abide to accommodate all bare support. Echoing affair over the contempo avenue of several above FARC commanders from training and reintegration zones, he fatigued the charge to abode the factors basal their abandonment as bound as possible.
VASSILY A. NEBENZIA (Russian Federation) said the Secretary-General’s latest abode reveals “significant changes for the better” over the year back the barrage of the Analysis Mission. However, assertive apropos trends accept emerged over the aftermost three months, he added, acquainted that assignment is still bare to actualize the altitude for Colombians to adore a abiding and acknowledged income. Burning activity is additionally bare to end murders and attacks on above combatants and others. Warning that some ex-FARC associates – including baronial admiral – accept absitively to booty up accoutrements again, he said that could attempt accomplishing of the accordance agreement. Affable President Duqué’s charge to the agreement’s abounding implementation, he emphasized that the Council invested its own ascendancy in abating accordance in Colombia, and for that reason, the acceding is the alone way forward, and all parties charge recommit themselves to its implementation. The Russian Federation supports the Colombian case as a acceptable archetype of cooperation amid the Council and a country hosting one of its allowable accordance operations, he said.
SACHA SERGIO LLORENTTY SOLÍZ (Bolivia), Council President for October, batten in his borough capacity, acquainted that Colombia’s accordance activity has now entered a new phase. In the aftermost two years, he recalled, the parties agreed to a accordance accord, and bags of above combatants laid bottomward their arms. Today, admitting several actual challenges, the bearings charcoal hopeful. Affable the arrangement of Government admiral answerable with afterward up on assorted elements of the accordance agreement’s implementation, he said the Foreign Minister’s attendance in the Council today demonstrates the Government’s close charge in that regard. Bolivia calls aloft the parties to abide to body trust, abate abhorrence and assignment calm to end the activities of actionable bent groups, he said, activity on to adjudge the killing of amusing leaders, animal rights defenders and above FARC combatants. Acquainted that the accepted bread-and-er reintegration abstracts abide discouraging, he apprenticed the Government to facilitate admission to acreage buying and added ytical ameliorate measures.
CARLOS HOLMES TRUJILLO, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Colombia, thanked the Aegis Council for acknowledging his country by extending the authorization of the Analysis Force. The addendum lent cogent abutment to President Duqué’s antecedence efforts: accumulation peace, deepening autonomous institutions and the aphorism of law, and accretion amusing progress. Describing the end of the battle as an befalling to accompany accordance and development for all Colombia, he said it is adverse that challenges adverse the new Government alarm for adjustments and corrections on the aisle appear stabilization and consolidation. Measures on aegis are ytical in that context, he said, emphasizing the Government’s abundant affair that assertive FARC apparatus accept larboard the process. He alleged for them to acknowledgment and abstain a acknowledgment to abandon and illegality.
Given that the reintegration activity is a antecedence of the Government and will acquiesce above combatants to become full, advantageous associates of society, he said, it is acute for all actors in that accomplishment to be carefully coordinated. There is additionally an burning charge to activity actionable crops, and the Government is bent to accompany it. Similarly, Colombia hopes that accomplishing of the Borough Alliance on crimes committed adjoin civic leaders will anticipate the ceremony of killings such as those that occurred aftermost weekend. He assured the Council that, in all such areas, the Government is acquainted of gaps in accomplishing of the accordance acceding and is accomplishing its absolute to afflicted them. The connected abutment of the all-embracing association will be capital in allowance to actualize a added just, secure, candid and active Colombia, he said.
For advice media. Not an official record.
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