Learn the basics of architecture Windows Store apps, including a step-by-step tutorial on architecture your aboriginal Windows Store app.
In this chapter, I acquaint you to the basics of architecture Windows Store apps. I alpha off by answer how a Windows Store app differs from a acceptable Windows desktop application. You apprentice what makes a Windows Store app a Windows Store app.
Feeling assured and d, and acquisitive that you too feel assured and d, I aing adviser you through architecture your aboriginal Windows Store app. You apprentice how to booty advantage of the appearance of Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 to build, run, and alter a Windows Store app.
Finally, we get to the money part. I explain how you can broadcast your Windows Store app to the Windows Store and alpha accession those dollars.
I can still bethink the aboriginal time that I acclimated an iPhone. Aback you annal the awning on an iPhone, the awning absolutely bounces! And aback you add an email to the trash, the email gets sucked into the trashcan! It’s as if there is a little cosmos central an iPhone and it follows our concrete laws.
For some reason—that I accept not explored and that I do not absolutely understand—this apparition that there is a additional cosmos central my iPhone makes me happy. It makes interacting with an iPhone fun.
Now we arise to Windows. Except for the dancing agenda affair in Windows Solitaire, I can’t anticipate of annihilation in Windows that has anytime created this aforementioned faculty of fun. I can’t bethink the aftermost time that Windows fabricated me beam or brought me joy.
With Windows Store apps, Microsoft has assuredly accustomed that user acquaintance matters—in a big way. The affection of Windows Store apps is a set of user acquaintance attempt alleged the Microsoft architecture appearance principles. By all-embracing the Microsoft architecture appearance principles, you can actualize Windows Store apps that assume added animate and that are a amusement to use.
The Microsoft architecture appearance attempt is a set of user acquaintance architecture attempt developed by Microsoft in the ambience of architecture the Windows Phone, Xbox Live, and the (now defunct) Zune. You additionally can see the Microsoft architecture attempt activated to Microsoft websites such as Microsoft SkyDrive and the Windows Azure Portal. Get ready. Here they are:
Show pride in craftsmanship.
Do added with less.
Be fast and fluid.
Be absolutely digital.
Win as one.
When I aboriginal apprehend these principles, my antecedent acknowledgment was that they seemed ever abstruse and squishy. Exactly the blazon of attempt which would be created by beanie cutting user acquaintance guys.
But then, aback I saw how the attempt were activated in practice—when architecture absolute Windows Store apps—I started to advance a bigger acknowledgment for these principles.
Take the “Do added with less” architecture principle. One of the characteristic appearance of a Windows Store app is the abridgement of chrome. Ironically, a Windows Store app is a Windows app afterwards the Window. Windows Store apps are abounding awning apps.
This abridgement of chrome makes it easier to apply on the agreeable of the application. For example, Windows 8 includes two versions of Internet Explorer: a desktop adaptation and a full-throated Windows 8 adaptation which follows the Microsoft architecture appearance principles.
I absolutely adopt appliance the Windows 8 adaptation of Internet Explorer over the desktop version. Aback appliance the Windows 8 version, all you see is the web folio which is the point of the appliance in the aboriginal place.
Or accede the “Be fast and fluid” principle. The acumen that I like interacting with my iPhone so abundant is the apparition of motion and this apparition is created by the accurate use of animations: On an iPhone, altar animation and wobble.
When architecture a Windows Store app, you are encouraged to booty advantage of animations. For example, if you use the accepted ListView control—which we altercate in detail afterwards in this book—then you get animations aback you add or aish items. Aback you add an account to a ListView, it not alone appears, it glides into place. Aback you aish an item, it doesn’t aloof disappear, items aloft and beneath it collapse into place.
Windows Store apps are applications which chase the Microsoft architecture appearance principles. Furthermore, Windows Store apps are advised to run on the Windows 8 or Windows RT operating system.
All Windows Store apps accept a accepted set of features. Let me explain these appearance by pointing them out in the ambience of the Windows 8 adaptation of Internet Explorer.
One of the best characteristic characteristics of a Windows Store app is its over-sized tiles and ons and acceptable use of whitespace. All of this UI roominess makes Windows Store apps affable to fat fingers.
Windows Store apps are advised to assignment appropriately able-bodied aback acclimated on a touch-only book and aback acclimated on a desktop computer with a keyboard and mouse. Windows Store apps are advised to be gropeable.
The nice affair about how Windows 8 works is that you don’t charge to put a lot of anticipation into acknowledging blow as a developer. As continued as you stick with the accepted WinJS controls, you get both keyboard and blow abutment for free.
Figure 1.1 contains a screenshot of the Windows 8 adaptation of Internet Explorer with the home folio of the New York Times open. Notice that the alone affair that you see is the agreeable of the New York Times. No toolbars, no ons, no cachet bars.
In a Windows Store app, you adumbrate all of your commands in the app bar. The app bar appears alone aback you bash from the basal or top of the awning or you right-click the screen.
The app bar for Internet Explorer includes the abode bar and ons such as the aback on and brace on (see Figure 1.2).
Notice in Figure 1.2 that there is addition bar at the top of the screen. This bar is alleged the nav bar and you use it to navigate. In the case of Internet Explorer, the nav bar contains thumbnails of all of your accessible browser tabs.
If you bash from the appropriate bend of the awning or abrasion to either of the appropriate corners or columnist the keyboard aggregate Win c, again the charms are arise (see Figure 1.3).
Here’s a account of the accepted charms:
These charms accommodate you with accepted locations to abode accepted appliance functionality. For example, all Windows Store app settings should arise in the Settings agreeableness (see Figure 1.4). This makes it abundant easier for users to acquisition your settings.
When you are architecture a Windows Store app, you don’t body your own settings menu. Instead, you extend the Settings agreeableness with your custom app settings. I altercate the capacity of accomplishing this in Affiliate 6, “Menus and Flyouts.”
A Windows Store app can be in three altered appearance states: Abounding screen, snapped, and filled. The absence accompaniment is abounding screen—the app takes over all of the accessible awning absolute estate.
You can about-face an app amid the altered appearance states by acute the keyboard aggregate Win . (period) or by annexation from the top-edge to the larboard bend of the awning or by mousing to the top-left bend and boring down.
Figure 1.5 shows two Windows 8 apps on the awning at one time. The Weather app is in a airtight accompaniment and the Internet Explorer app is in a abounding state. A airtight app consistently has a accumbent resolution of 320 pixels. The abounding app takes up the of the awning absolute estate.
When architecture Windows Store apps, you charge to architecture the app so it works in abounding screen, snapped, or abounding state. At any moment, the accumbent resolution of your app could be badly changed. I altercate how to handle switching amid altered appearance states in Affiliate 9, “App Events and States.”
Now aing a Windows Store app by affective your cursor over the x at the top-right of the screen. Ha! Tricked You! There is no aing on in a Windows Store app because there is no chrome.
When interacting with Windows Store apps, there is no accessible way to aing an app. This is intentional. Instead of closing a Windows Store app, you are encouraged to artlessly about-face to addition active app (by annexation from the larboard bend of the screen) or barrage a new app (by selecting a new app from the Alpha screen).
When you architecture a Windows Store app, you charge architecture the app with the ability that a user ability about-face aback and alternating to your active app at any time. In Affiliate 9, I altercate how you can alluringly resume an app afterwards it has been suspended.
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