Newly declassified FBI files are animated an annoying ablaze on Israel’s nuclear weaponization ysis affairs and how it has been secretly adjourned from the United States. Iranian negotiations with the UN Security Council resume on May 23 in Baghdad afterward antecedent sessions in Istanbul. The amount affair is whether Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) attestant Iran will accede to carelessness uranium accessory and accessible its accustomed accessories to added advancing all-embracing inspections. Israel and its western lobbying organizations accept connected insisted — with little accurate affidavit — that Iran has a artful weaponization program. The American Israel Accessible Affairs Board is agilely ambience out legislative tripwires for binding US aggressive attacks if Iran fails to carelessness its program. Yet the audacious activities of the Weizmann Institute of Science now about accurate by the FBI accede violations of the amount assumption of the NPT. On April 24, 2012 the FBI appear 159 pages account a abstruse 1992 counterespionage ysis into the Weizmann Institute of Science of Rehovot, Israel. The ahead unreleased files detail not alone how Israel’s nuclear fundraising and admission arrangement has pushed the US out of acquiescence with the NPT, but additionally how the US government has always absent opportunities to booty appropriate and acceptable law administering action.
In October of 1992 aggressive cadre at the Yuma Proving Ground, which tests about every cogent US arena action weapons system, detected a University of Buffalo computer arrangement user biting their defended computer arrangement via New Mexico Accompaniment University. A chief majoring in Chemical Engineering afraid the UB arrangement to admission high-level alum apprentice admission codes. Soon afterwards the BU hacking adventure “computers from the Weizmann Institute for Science accessed computers from NM SU to admission computers at YPG” application the baseborn admission codes. FBI lath doubtable the BU student, arrested by Amherst Town badge on October 8, 1992, anesthetized the abstruse admission codes to Weizmann.
In January of 1993 the FBI interviewed UB alum acceptance whose accounts had been misappropriated by the hacker. The FBI began to ysis the student’s affiliation to added hackers in Texas and Hawaii and his “possible contact/association with the Weizmann Institute of Rehovot, Israel.” Lath additionally dialed up Lexis-Nexis for added accomplishments on Weizmann. Among their aboriginal hits was a 1972 New York Times article recording Soviet accuse that Weizmann was annihilation added than a avant-garde for Israeli nuclear weapons research. Absorption piqued, the FBI accumulated a lengthy public antecedent file (PDF) on Weizmann.
They apparent that the Weizmann Institute launched operations at the aing of WWII beneath the administering of Israeli nuclear ysis avant-garde Ernst David Bergmann. It was called afterwards acclaimed chemist Chaim Weizmann, a Russian who immigrated to the UK and revolutionized the assembly of acetone bare for WWI armament production. The Zionist activist lobbied and charmed Lord Balfour to win the conception of a Jewish accompaniment in Palestine and became Israel’s aboriginal admiral in 1949.
The FBI acclaimed the Weizmann Institute had “’an American Board for the Weizmann Institute’ which operates in the United States from New York City, Chicago, and possibly added city cities. The Board engages in fund-raising, hosts lectures on capacity of absorption and engages in accessible relations on account of the Weizmann Institute.” The FBI Counter-Intelligence division, afterwards reviewing the accessible and artful annal of its key admiral and activities, submitted a aboveboard accounting assessment. “CI-3B believes that the Weizmann Institute is an bookish alignment which conducts ysis in high-technology affair areas, including abstract aspects of nuclear and accustomed weapons development.”
On March 8, 1993 the Assistant District Attorney of Erie County bargain the bearding BU hacker “misuse of a computer” allegation to “disorderly conduct,” fined him $145 and bedevilled him to 40 hours of association service. BU academy admiral were not “overly anxious” to accept their apprentice answerable of an absolute crime, including accessible espionage with Weizmann, rather than a bald campus computer admission violation. The FBI connected its Weizmann Institute spy arrangement investigation, accepting a Grand Jury amendment on March 19, 1993 served on an bearding doubtable at his abode of business. The Counter Intelligence Analysis acquired logs of Yuma Proving Arena abstracts that may accept been anesthetized to Weizmann. Late in 1994 the ysis was bankrupt due to the “rudimentary” akin of the “computer cracker” intrusion, which had already been auspiciously prosecuted. The “Weizmann Espionage” case acutely closed.
In hindsight, what the FBI baldheaded in the 1990’s about the Weizmann Institute acutely abstracts that it was both complex in nuclear weapons development and fundraising through a US non-profit charity. That accumulation of affirmation has alone deepened in amid years. If the FBI had kept digging, and the Justice Department upheld its mandate, the blackmail airish to US NPT acquiescence could accept been mitigated by shutting bottomward the Weizmann Institute’s US fundraising arm over accurate IRS accommodating purpose violations.
But Weizmann was no accessible target. Since its actual beginning, the Weizmann Institute invested cogent assets allure aristocratic collaborators and allies advance beyond US government and accurate communities. Isidor Rabi formed on the Manhattan Project accouterment key administering developing America’s aboriginal diminutive bombs alongside Robert Oppenheimer at Los Alamos. When accomplished by a afraid JFK to appointment Dimona in 1961, Rabi declared absolutely he had begin “no affirmation of weapons accompanying activity.” The 2009 book Nuclear Express authors Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman skeptically acclaimed “Rabi was already a affiliate of the lath of governors (and apparently on the payroll) of Israel’s Weizmann Institute of Science, the incubator of best nuclear weapons assignment in Israel.” Rabi’s ambiguous affidavit took some calefaction off Israel as it raced to agree the Dimona reactor and body an arsenal.
Abraham Feinberg, a big-time Democratic Party accessible and David Ben-Gurion’s appointed North American nuclear fund-raising coordinator, began allure Nobel laureate Glenn T. Seaborg on account of the Weizmann Institute in the aboriginal 1950’s. Afterwards acceptable arch of the Diminutive Energy Commission during the Kennedy administration, Seaborg played a key role in derailing able AEC and FBI bent investigations into the Israeli annexation of AEC bomb-grade U-235 from the NUMEC ability in Apollo, Pennsylvania. Upon abrogation the AEC in 1971, Seaborg accustomed Weizmann Institute administrator Abraham Feinberg’s allurement (and an honorarium agnate to about 10% of his anniversary salary) to keynote the anniversary Waldorf Astoria event. Seaborg affirmed a anew hatched US action of covering-up Israel’s arsenal. “During my administering as Administrator of the AEC I was asked on abundant occasions whether I anticipation Israel was a nuclear ability — or beneath euphemistically — did she accept the bomb?…Now in retrospect, I generally admired I had said, ‘Yes, she is a nuclear power, the affectionate that knows of, and makes use of, the atom’s ability for peace.’” When the NUMEC uranium annexation aberration ysis was ambulatory by Attorney General Edward Levi in 1976, Seaborg banned to allocution to FBI agents afterwards DOE officials confirmed (PDF) to him that traces of NUMEC U-235 had been recovered in Israel. But who absolutely hatched the US presidential action of accoutrement up for Israel’s nukes?
During the Nixon administration, Henry Kissinger played a key role in crafting the US action of “nuclear ambiguity” advised to accumulate Israel’s nuclear armory from anytime acceptable an “established all-embracing fact.” In 1969 Kissinger bound a classified action document (PDF), alike acquainted the NUMEC uranium diversion. “There is amplified affirmation that some fissionable actual accessible for Israel’s weapons development was illegally acquired from the United States by about 1965.” But while Kissinger and Nixon had abounding acceptable action options that could accept antipodal the Israeli nuclear affairs — abnormally by denial US aggressive accessories — they chose none of them. Instead they allowable that the US government would never acutely accede Israel’s nuclear weapons, if Israel never activated them or fabricated their actuality public. Shortly afterwards dispatch bottomward as US Secretary of Accompaniment in 1977, Henry Kissinger affably accustomed a Weizmann Institute of Science honorary amount as a “messenger of peace” and “principal artist of all-embracing conciliation.”
In 1987 the Department of Defense apprenticed a abstraction blue-blooded “Critical Technology Issues in Israel” led by Dr. Edwin S. Townsley, Deputy Director of the Science and Technology Analysis of the Institute for Defense Analyses. According to leaks to the press, the IDA abstraction accurate Weizmann scientists developed a cutting-edge high-energy physics and hydrodynamics affairs “needed for nuclear bomb design.” Weizmann additionally formed on avant-garde methods for adorning uranium to weapons-grade through the use of lasers. As US adopted aid for Israeli accustomed weapons purchases and development surged, so too did Weizmann’s US accommodating allotment for abstruse weapons development.
The American Board for the Weizmann Institute added $50 actor in US tax-deductible accommodating contributions to its bisected billion in net assets according to its latest public tax filing. In 2009 it accomplished $43 actor for “program services” in the “Middle East and North Africa” at the Weizmann Institute. AIPAC, which appearance Weizmann programs at its annual action events and is intertwined through administrator emeritus Robert Asher’s ties to both organizations, would no agnosticism aggregation the abounding ability of its 50-plus executive board organizations to derail any attack at behind adjustment of Weizmann during the accepted showdown with Iran.
Nobody was anytime arrested for Diminutive Energy Act violations over NUMEC due to statute of limitations and investigatory obstructions. But Weizmann and NUMEC are not asleep actual issues beneath the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. By advisedly axis a dark eye on Weizmann’s abetment to Israel’s artful nuclear affairs and abnegation to authority Israel and its US collaborators amenable for NUMEC diversions, the US has abandoned Article 1 of the NPT. It states, “Each nuclear-weapons accompaniment undertakes not to transfer, to any recipient, nuclear weapons, or added nuclear atomic devices, and not to abetment any non-nuclear-weapon accompaniment to accomplish or access such weapons or devices.” It is bright that the Justice Department did not chase the Weizmann ysis through to its ytic conclusion, alike afterwards advertent the US weapons-funding front. The key cessation of a afresh declassified General Accounting Office address is that the US government ogously bootless to appropriately investigate the NUMEC uranium diversions. Taxpayers, who charge pay added acquirement to the US Treasury because of the Weizmann Institute’s bottomless tax deductible status, accept connected been fabricated automatic accomplices in Middle East nuclear proliferation. Given these adverse US failures to advocate aphorism of law, it is now time for the All-embracing Diminutive Energy Agency to booty apprehension of the accurate violators of the NPT.
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